The Epidemiology Data Center (EDC) was established in 1980 as a section of the Department of Epidemiology in the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Pittsburgh. It was founded by Katherine M. Detre, M.D., Dr.P.H., and is under the co-direction of Sheryl F. Kelsey, Ph.D., Steven H. Belle, Ph.D. and Stephen R. Wisniewski, Ph.D.
The EDC has collaborated in over 100 research studies sponsored by the National Institutes of Health and other agencies. Presently, the EDC coordinates data management and analysis activities for 26 research projects sponsored by federal agencies as well as by industry.
The current studies represent a variety of scientific designs including clinical trials, registries, and case control studies. The successful coordination of our research requires that we facilitate national and global communication among a number of institutions worldwide.
, November 2013
Obesity has been associated with impairments in sexual function and untoward changes in reproductive hormones in women. Relatively few studies have investigated changes in these domains following bariatric surgery.
, November 2013
Severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] =35) is associated with a broad range of health risks. Bariatric surgery induces weight loss and short-term health improvements, but little is known about long-term outcomes of these operations.
, November 2013
Obtaining standardized weights in long-term studies can be difficult. Self-reported weights are more easily obtained but are less accurate than those from a calibrated scale and may be inaccurately reported. Previous studies have reported that women tend to underreport their weight more than men with the degree of misreporting related to body mass index (BMI), whereby overweight individuals tend to underreport and underweight individuals tend to overreport. However, in a study of female gastric bypass candidates, self-reported presurgical weights averaged 0.3 kg more than measured weights and misreporting was not significantly related to BMI.
Approaches and Decisions in Acute Pediatric TBI Trial (ADAPT) is an international research study designed to evaluate the impact of interventions on the outcomes of children with severe traumatic brain injury. It is seen as an important step towards understanding the various approaches to managing the care of children with traumatic brain injuries.
New research from the University of Pittsburgh suggests that doubts raised recently about the protective effects of high density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol by a genetic study and several recent clinical trials of HDL-raising drugs could be put to rest by using a better indicator of HDL status.
A multidisciplinary team at the University of Pittsburgh will be leading a national effort to explore the relationship between the bacteria that live in the lungs, gene activation patterns, and disease progression. The project, funded by a three-year, $8.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, intends to learn more about the causes and progression of two potentially deadly yet under-studied lung diseases, alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency and sarcoidosis.
Pitt Public Health researchers have discovered that people who receive the most popular weight-loss surgical procedure are at an increased risk of developing symptoms of alcohol use disorders.
Violence ranks among the leading public health problems of young people and are more prevalent in areas of concentrated poverty. Efforts to de-concentrate poverty aim to improve the social conditions of low-income neighborhoods.